The three Ds of disease, disability, and discomfort negatively affect hospice patient's energy, intelligence, and organization. Music therapy is a studied, learned, credentialed behavioral intervention. It is specific, prescribed, and delivered therapeutically. At a time when trust and belief are compromised by the three Ds, the utilization of the complementary alternative medical intervention of music therapy, with its positive effect on social relationships, may enhance weakened trust and belief abilities. The research to date regarding music therapy presents positive results from studies and surveys of nurses, music therapists, families, and patients. Recommendations for using music therapy and music therapists will establish the use of this intervention, giving increased numbers to sample sizes for further study.
Nurs Econ. 2009 Jan-Feb;27(1):26-33, 60. Gifford EJ. Pathways Hospice, Oakland, CA, USA.