Tim Brunson DCH

Welcome to The International Hypnosis Research Institute Web site. Our intention is to support and promote the further worldwide integration of comprehensive evidence-based research and clinical hypnotherapy with mainstream mental health, medicine, and coaching. We do so by disseminating, supporting, and conducting research, providing professional level education, advocating increased level of practitioner competency, and supporting the viability and success of clinical practitioners. Although currently over 80% of our membership is comprised of mental health practitioners, we fully recognize the role, support, involvement, and needs of those in the medical and coaching fields. This site is not intended as a source of medical or psychological advice. -- Tim Brunson, PhD

Maxwell Maltz, MD

Dr. Maltz was an American cosmetic surgeon. He authored Pscho-Cybernetics in 1960. His book contained a system of ideas that he claimed could improve a person's self-image and lead to a more successful and fulfilling life. He influenced many subsequent self-help instructors and helped develop the self-help genre. Dr. Maltz died in 1975.

Can grapheme-color synesthesia be induced by hypnosis?

Grapheme-color synesthesia is a perceptual experience where graphemes, letters or words evoke a specific color, which are experienced either as spatially coincident with the grapheme inducer (projector sub-type) or elsewhere, perhaps without a definite spatial location (associator sub-type). Here, we address the question of whether synesthesia can be rapidly produced using a hypnotic color suggestion to examine the possibility of "hypnotic synesthesia", i.e., subjectively experienced color hallucinations similar to those experienced by projector synesthetes. We assess the efficacy of this intervention using an "embedded figures" test, in which participants are required to detect a shape (e.g., a square) composed of local graphemic elements. For grapheme-color synesthetes, better performance on the task has been linked to a higher proportion of graphemes perceived as colored. We found no performance benefits on this test when using a hypnotic suggestion, as compared to a no-suggestion control condition. The same result was found when participants were separated according to the degree to which they were susceptible to the suggestion (number of colored trials perceived). However, we found a relationship between accuracy and subjective reports of color in those participants who reported a large proportion of colored trials: trials in which the embedded figure was accurately recognized (relative to trials in which it was not) were associated with reports of more intense colors occupying a greater spatial extent. Collectively, this implies that hypnotic color was only perceived after shape detection rather than aiding in shape detection via color-based perceptual grouping. The results suggest that hypnotically induced colors are not directly comparable to synesthetic ones.

Front Hum Neurosci. 2014 Apr 28;8:220. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2014.00220. Anderson HP(1), Seth AK(2), Dienes Z(1), Ward J(1). Author information: (1)School of Psychology, University of Sussex Brighton, UK ; Sackler Centre for Consciousness Science, University of Sussex Brighton, UK. (2)School of Psychology, University of Sussex Brighton, UK ; School of Engineering and Informatics, University of Sussex Brighton, UK.

A Case of Successful Use of Hypnosis in the Treatment of Parasomnia Overlap Disorder.

A young male patient was successfully treated for parasomnia overlap disorder (POD) using hypnosis. In 2006, this 16-year-old patient underwent a clinical evaluation for episodes of sleep talking, sleepwalking, and dream enactment. This initial assessment was followed by polysomnographic evaluation, a brain MRI, and three sessions of treatment using hypnosis. From the beginning, until the last contact in December 2011, benefits from the hypnotic suggestions were noted and documented.

Behav Sleep Med. 2014 Apr 16:1-10. Kohler WC(1), Kurz PJ, Kohler EA. Author information: (1)a Florida Sleep Institute , Spring Hill.

The Essential Nature of Transformation

by Tim Brunson PhD

Transformation is the act of nullifying dysfunctional or unwanted patterns and replacing them with functional and desired ones. For transformation to occur, both processes must be considered. One without the other will assure failure. For instance, the strength of neuro-physiological patterns related to smoking must first be disempowered. Then the clinician or a person doing self-treatment will quickly notice that the opportunity for success will be greatly improved when they replace them with more powerful ones having a more pronounced emotional/feeling intensity. Indeed, neurophysiologists specializing in Transcranial Magnetics (TCM) realize that the virtual lesions that they create in the brains of their virtual patients will quickly get filled in by surrounding neurons or brain functions (Walsh & Pascual-Leone, 2003). Likewise, when an unwanted neuro-physiological pattern loses its strength there is a natural tendency for it to reappear – or be replaced with another dysfunctional one such as overeating – should it not be quickly replaced with a stronger one of the subject's choosing.

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Jacob Bimblich

Jacob Bimblich is a Life Member of the National Psychiatric Association, and a Fellow and Charter Member of the Academy of Scientific Hypnotherapy for his meritorious contributions to hypnotherapy. He was also past president of the New York Society for Ethical Hypnosis. For the past 17 years he has been a faculty member of the National Guild of Hypnotists. He is also the president of the National Guild Of Hypnotists' New York City Chapter.

He has met all the qualifications and became a member of the American Guild of Hypnotists, Hypnotist Examining Council, American Board of Hypnotherapy, National Society Of Clinical Hypnotherapists, World Congress of professional Hypnotists, American Association of Professional Hypnotherapists, National Board for Hypnotic Anesthesiology, New York State Hypnotherapy Association, Association For Past Life Research And Therapy, Guild of Ethical Hypnotists, American Association of Professional Hypnologists, AAPHR Hypnosis Hall Of Fame and the Greater New England Academy of Hypnosis.

He is the Executive Director of the Institute for Advanced Studies in Hypnosis and Holistic Sciences. In addition, a thirty year member of Mensa and past member of its Board of Directors.

For the past 19 years, he has been a faculty member of the National Guild of Hypnotists' Conventions. He is also president of the NYC Chapter of the International Association of Counselors and Therapists, and member of its convention faculty.

For more information, visit jacobbimblich.com

Therapy, Suggestion, and the Deceptive Mind

by Tim Brunson, PhD

This article discusses the relevance of hypnotherapy in the Age of Science while covering the rationale behind incorporating hypnotherapy into counseling techniques such as Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT).

As individuals and as societies, we live in a subjectively delusional world of our own making while simultaneously claiming that we have the ability to remove the rough edges that come in the form of suffering. Due to the limits of our perceptual abilities, the fact that our memories are constantly being updated, and coupled with our constant desire to paint our future in our minds, we exist in a cocoon that we only believe to be real. Yet this existence is often fraught with feelings of inadequacies or physical and mental suffering. Those who consider themselves to be professionals in the healing and helping fields seek to move their subjects toward a stasis of reality that is likewise subjectively delusional. They call the process therapy. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is widely considered one of the most capable methods for achieving these therapeutic goals. It is in this environment that if looked at appropriately, there is a high probability that the proper use of the hypnotic process can enhance mental health interventions.

In the Western world, the history of mankind has always been dominated by a desire to discern truth and reality. Before the 1300's, this effort was largely a religious one. However, since the Black Death, the belief that empiricism and rationality (i.e. science) alone could help us find a reality to which we must align has been our predominant mindset. This bias decries the fact that historical epistemological tendencies also include historical, idealism, and constructivism, which leads me to believe that science may in fact not have all the answers. While scientific thinking predominates at the moment, it is limited by human sensory capabilities and the current state of perceptual instrument technology in conjunction with the restrictions of contemporary rational methodologies. Therefore, scientists are most likely not seeing a complete picture while too often pontificating what is good science and what is pseudoscience. Nevertheless, as science is the predominant mode of analysis when it comes to discovering reality, it must be respected.

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What's it like to experience hypnotherapy? - What's the Alternative - Interview

The myth of hypnosis: the need for remythification.

Abstract Myths or misconceptions concerning hypnosis are regarded among the major barriers to effective implementation of hypnosis. Contemporary hypnotherapists are expected to elicit patients' misconceptions and to provide explanations that distinguish between mystical and scientific perceptions of hypnosis and that offer a picture of the state of the art of hypnosis. Dealing with misconceptions on a rational and cognitive level seems to have the ability to change a patient's conscious knowledge and understanding of hypnosis. Nevertheless, deeply rooted and emotionally saturated misbeliefs with historical-cultural origins still prevail. This article focuses on the prehypnotic phase of therapy and proposes remythification to deal with the myth of hypnosis. This approach aims to promote the hypnotherapeutic process by utilizing myth-related misconceptions.

Int J Clin Exp Hypn. 2014;62(3):378-93. doi: 10.1080/00207144.2014.901090. Meyerson J. Author information: a Tel Aviv University , Israel.

A systematic review: non-pharmacological interventions in treating pain...

Full title: A systematic review: non-pharmacological interventions in treating pain in patients with advanced cancer.

AIMS: To assess and synthesize the evidence of the effects and safety of non-pharmacological interventions in treating pain in patients with advanced cancer. BACKGROUND: Pain is a common symptom experienced by patients with advanced cancer; the treatment of such pain is often suboptimal. To manage it, non-pharmacological interventions are recommended after pharmacological treatments have been re-evaluated and modified. However, there remains a lack of knowledge about the effects and safety of such interventions. DESIGN: A systematic review was conducted based on the procedure of the Centre of Reviews and Dissemination. DATA SOURCES: Research papers published between 2000-2013 were identified from the following databases: CINAHL, MEDIC, MEDLINE (Ovid) and PsycINFO. The references in the selected studies were searched manually. REVIEW METHODS: The studies selected were reviewed for quality, using Cochrane Effective Practice and Organisation of Care Review Group risk of bias assessment criteria. RESULTS: There was limited evidence that some of the non-pharmacological interventions were promising with respect to reducing cancer pain. Relatively, few adverse events were reported as a result of using such interventions. CONCLUSION: It was not possible to draw conclusions about the effects and safety of the non-pharmacological interventions in reducing cancer pain. Some interventions showed promising short-term effects, but there is a need for more rigorous trials. Qualitative studies are required to collect information about patients' perceptions. There are several research gaps: we found no studies about music, spiritual care, hypnosis, active coping training, cold or ultrasonic stimulation.

J Adv Nurs. 2014 Apr 15. doi: 10.1111/jan.12424. Hökkä M(1), Kaakinen P, Pölkki T. Author information: (1)Institution of Health Sciences, University of Oulu, Finland.

© 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Get you ACCH designation as an ANNH Certified Practitioner

Mental Health, Medical, and Personal Coaching Practitioners:

Earn your Advanced Certified Clinical Hypnotherapist (ACCH) professional certification by completing our Advanced Neuro-Noetic Hypnosis Certification Program.

$200 ANNH tuition discount through July 31, 2014

Also, if you are a Licensed Professional Counselor and need continuing education for your NBCC NCC (or other NBCC certifications), you may earn up to 84 NBCC CE Clock Hours through this program. CE Clock Hours are incrementally awarded each time that you complete one of the 12 ANNH courses. Courses are taught on line in Distance Learning format. You may complete lessons at your convenience within six months of applying for a particular course. This program is flexible. Therefore, you may easily delay taking subsequent courses if your professional schedule dictates that you need to pause your progress between courses.

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Join The International Hypnosis Research Institute

Hypnotists, Counselors, Chiropractors, Licenced Social Workers, Psychologists, Medical Doctors, Acupuncturists, and others...

Join one of the fastest growing integrative health organizations in the world!

The Institute supports and promotes the credibiltiy and development of all integrative modalities.

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Join for only $89 through July 31, 2014.

Join now and get:
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Effects of hypnotic analgesia and virtual reality on the reduction of experimental pain...

Full title: Effects of hypnotic analgesia and virtual reality on the reduction of experimental pain among high and low hypnotizables.

Abstract This research compared a no-treatment control condition and 3 experimentally induced pain treatment conditions: (a) virtual reality distraction (VRD), (b) hypnotic analgesia (HA), and (c) HA + VRD in relieving finger-pressure pain. After receiving baseline pain stimulus, each participant received hypnosis or no hypnosis, followed by VRD or no VRD during another pain stimulus. The data analysis indicated that, overall, all 3 treatments were more effective compared to the control group, irrespective of whether it involved hypnotic analgesia, virtual reality distraction, or both (hypnosis and virtual reality). Nevertheless, the participants responded differently to the pain treatment, depending on the hypnotizability level. High hypnotizables reported hypnotic analgesia, but low hypnotizables did not show hypnotic analgesia. VR distraction reduced pain regardless of hypnotizability.

Int J Clin Exp Hypn. 2014;62(3):360-77. doi: 10.1080/00207144.2014.901087. Enea V(1), Dafinoiu I, Opri? D, David D. Author information: (1)a "Alexandru Ioan Cuza" University of Ia?i , Romania.

Hypnosis aided fixed role therapy for social phobia: a case report.

This case study details how hypnosis aided fixed role therapy (HAFRT) was employed in the successful treatment of a case of social phobia with a history of refractory outcomes to previous therapy trials. The treatment consisted of 10 office sessions, scheduled every two weeks, of HAFRT along with twice a day self-hypnotic sessions where the patient performed multiple visualization rehearsals of the vignettes that were successfully mastered in hypnosis during office visits. The results indicated that this patient was able to engage in social and professional affairs that were impossible prior to treatment. The patient retained the therapy gains at follow up 6 months later.

Am J Clin Hypn. 2014 Apr;56(4):405-12. Iglesias A, Iglesias A.

Subjective Resistance to Transformation

by Tim Brunson PhD

Previously I've discussed resistance as a systemic concept involving all humans. This belies the fact that resistance may be of a subjective nature since the intensity varies between individuals. For instance, neuroimaging has clearly shown that the predominant locus of brain activity is different from one person to the next. This could mean that due to damage, the environmental situation, or personality, certain substrates may be used or function more frequently than others. However, differences in predominate subjective substrate organization may be more simplistic. The issue is whether the locus of predominant brain activity is in the frontal lobe – the seat of uniquely human intelligence – or the more primitive, pattern-driven limbic system.

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Robert G. Meyer PhD

Dr. Meyers is an internationally known speaker and trainer who has delivered trainings throughout the USA and in 12 countries around the world. Dr. Meyers has trained therapist from 6 of the worlds 7 continents. He has published over 100 scientific articles or chapters and co-authored 5.

Stress Management and Coping Techniques Assist Smokers

The International Hypnosis Research Institute is now a counseling continuing education provider

NBCC ACEP LOGO

The International Hypnosis Research Institute is now an Approved Continuing Education Provider (ACEP) for over 50,000 counselors in the United States and internationally. Early last week, the National Board for Certified Counselors (NBCC) informed us that their Continuing Education Committee completed a review of our application and made the decision to allow us to become an official NBCC CE provider. Their committee is made up of several National Certified Counselors who are also state licensed mental health practitioners. Our authorization to serve as an ACEP does not signify NBCC's endorsement of any particular theory or idea promoted by this Institute or any of the authors or instructors with whom we may associate. Rather, receiving this status means that we are qualified to administer a continuing education program within their strict guidelines.

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Unconscious agendas in the etiology of refractory obesity and the role of hypnosis...

Full title: Unconscious agendas in the etiology of refractory obesity and the role of hypnosis in their identification and resolution: a new paradigm for weight-management programs or a paradigm revisited?

Abstract Hypnosis has long been recognized as an effective tool for producing behavioral change in the eating disorders anorexia and bulimia. Despite many studies from the latter half of the last century suggesting that hypnosis might also be of value in managing obesity situations, the efficacy of hypnotherapy for weight reduction has received surprisingly little formal research attention since 2000. This review presents a brief history of early clinical studies using hypnosis for weight reduction and describes a hypnotherapeutic approach within which a combination of instructional/pedagogic and exploratory therapeutic sessions can work together synergistically to maximize the potential for sustained weight loss. Hypnotic modulation of appetite- and satiation-associated peptides and hormone levels may yield additional physiological benefits in Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes.

Int J Clin Exp Hypn. 2014;62(3):330-59. doi: 10.1080/00207144.2014.901085. Entwistle PA(1), Webb RJ, Abayomi JC, Johnson B, Sparkes AC, Davies IG.

Author information: (1)a Liverpool John Moores University , United Kingdom.

Current issues in the treatment of specific phobia...

Full title: Current issues in the treatment of specific phobia: recommendations for innovative applications of hypnosis.

Specific phobia is the most common and treatable of the anxiety disorders. Exposure-based therapies are the treatment of choice and empirically validated protocols are available that promise rapid and effective results. In many cases, however, patients are reluctant to comply with demanding schedules of exposure, increasing the risk of treatment failure. Furthermore, in clinical practice, patients often present with multiple phobias and other Axis I and Axis II disorders that can further complicate therapy. This article covers four important issues that have been addressed in the literature: (a) managing resistance to treatment, (b) reducing length of treatment, (c) clarifying the optimal application of relaxation training, and (d) applying advances in cognitive neuroscience. These issues are reviewed and recommendations proposed for ways in which to modify current treatments. Specific suggestions are provided for implementing these recommendations including examples of innovative applications of standard hypnotic techniques.

Am J Clin Hypn. 2014 Apr;56(4):389-404. Spiegel SB.

Brian L. Weiss, MD

Dr. Weiss is the best-selling author of Many Lives, Many Masters and several other books, He is a psychiatrist and lives in Miami, Florida, where he maintains a private practice.

In addition, Dr. Weiss conducts national and international seminars and experiential workshops as well as training programs for professionals.

A causal model explaining the relationships governing beliefs, attitudes, and hypnotic...

Full title: A causal model explaining the relationships governing beliefs, attitudes, and hypnotic responsiveness.

The author developed a new scale aimed at measuring beliefs about "hypnotic states" and investigated the influence of such beliefs and attitudes on hypnotic responses in a large sample of Japanese undergraduate students. Exploratory factor analysis of this new questionnaire examining beliefs about hypnotic states yielded four factors: Dissociative or Depersonalized Experience, Loss of Self-Control, Therapeutic Expectation, and Arousing Extraordinary Ability. The results of structural equation modeling showed that Therapeutic Expectation and Arousing Extraordinary Ability influenced hypnotizability through attitudes toward hypnosis, while also directly affecting subjective experiences without mediating attitudes. Present findings suggest that it is more effective to enhance therapeutic expectations than to correct misconceptions about hypnotic states in modification of patients' beliefs before initiating treatment.

Int J Clin Exp Hypn. 2014;62(2):231-50. doi: 10.1080/00207144.2014.869142. Shimizu T.

Author information: a Akita University , Japan.

Childhood anxiety and psychophysiological reactivity: hypnosis to build discrimination...

Full title: Childhood anxiety and psychophysiological reactivity: hypnosis to build discrimination and self-regulation skills.

Clinically anxious, worried, and fearful children and teens need clinicians' assistance in reducing their exaggerated psychophysiological stress reactivity. Affective neuroscience finds that chronic activation of the body's emergency response system inhibits neurogenesis, disrupts neuronal plasticity, and is detrimental to physical and mental health. Patterns of faulty discrimination skills, for example, over-estimation of threat and danger and under-estimation of their coping capacity, fuel this over-arousal. Similarly, contributory patterns of reduced self-regulation skills are shown by "stuck" attention to and poor control of their exaggerated psychophysiological reactivity and somatization. This article considers the literature and focuses on cognitive hypnotherapy to enhance these under-developed capacities. A case illustration highlights various hypnotic phenomena and techniques, psychoeducation, and relaxation training that address the goals of interrupting these unproductive, interconnected patterns and fostering new patterns of more realistic and accurate discrimination capacities and sturdier psychophysiological self-regulation skills.

Am J Clin Hypn. 2014 Apr;56(4):343-67. Kaiser P.

Intellectual Property Rights and the Hypnotherapist

by Tim Brunson PhD

Many hypnotists and hypnotherapists as well as others in the integrative health community spend a considerable amount of time writing, communicating, and developing ideas. However, I have never seen any conference or workshop address the nature and dynamics of intellectual property rights. This topic is important for several reasons and therefore should be a mandatory topic for discussion.

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Moiz Hussain

Founder of "The Institute of Mind Sciences" which now has over 7 affiliated branches throughout the country. In his Teaching and training of over 27 years, he has over 20,000 students to his credit from Senior Managers to Doctors, Businessperson, Trainers, Consultants, Students, Lawyers, other Professionals and housewives from over 500 workshops, seminars, lectures and training programs.

He holds two doctoral degree in Clinical Hypnosis, is a faculty member of the National Guild of Hypnotists, USA and The National Federation of Neuro Linguistic Psychology, USA and Licensed Director of Silva Mind Control, USA.

He is the pioneer of YOGA, REIKI, HYPNOSIS, NLP and many such powerful technologies in Pakistan. Founder of the first Yoga Institute in Pakistan. Presently he conducts courses, workshops and seminars in Pakistan, India, UAE, Singapore, UK and USA.

He is the recipient of "Best Instructor" award 1997, "Best Speaker and Presenter" award 1998, 1999 and 2000 at National Guild of Hypnotists, Convention Nashua NH, USA. He is the only Asian to be interviewed and placed on the cover of the prestigious "Journal of Hypnotism" USA.

He is the original master and creator of programs which include "Magnetic Money Mind", "The Fourth Dimension" Level I & II, "Bypass the Bypass", "Aesthetics" "Glow and Grow". "Super Learning Plus", "Visionary Leadership", "Stress Management - a cup of tea" and "Awakening the giant within"

Prof. Moiz Hussain is an authority on Mind Sciences in Pakistan and Abroad.

For more information, visit www.mind-sciences.com

Dr. Georgina Cannon, C.I., C.Ht., M.Nlp, APRT

Ontario Hypnosis Centre Director Georgina Cannon, is a Board Certified Consulting Hypnotherapist, Doctor of Metaphysical Counselling, NLP Master, Timeline practitioner, Past Life Regression Therapist and accredited Instructor for the National Guild of Hypnotists, the Medical and Dental Hypnotherapy Association and the International Board of Regression Therapies. She is also on the Advisory Board of the National Guild of Hypnotists.

Georgina specializes in enabling clients to achieve major life changes, healing personal and emotional issues, and she facilitates Past Life Research and Regression sessions.

For more information, visit www.ont-hypnosis-centre.com.

Be a Champion MindSet, a confident Athlete self-hypnosis!

Efficacy of combined cognitive-behavior therapy and hypnotherapy in anorexia nervosa: a case study.

A 22-year-old female diagnosed with anorexia nervosa received brief psychotherapy within a span of 1.5 months. Detailed cognitive-behavioral assessment was done and eating attitude was rated. Intervention of eating behavior and cognitive restructuring were initiated along with regular practice of self-hypnosis with ego-strengthening suggestions. Age regression was done to identify conflicts. Significant improvement in eating attitude was noted after 8 sessions without relapse at 3 months. Details of the psychotherapy are discussed.

Int J Clin Exp Hypn. 2014;62(2):224-30. doi: 10.1080/00207144.2014.869140. Roy PK. Author information: a Institute of Psychiatry , Kolkata , India.

Modelling psychiatric and cultural possession phenomena with suggestion and fMRI.

Involuntary movements occur in a variety of neuropsychiatric disorders and culturally influenced dissociative states (e.g., delusions of alien control and attributions of spirit possession). However, the underlying brain processes are poorly understood. We combined suggestion and fMRI in 15 highly hypnotically susceptible volunteers to investigate changes in brain activity accompanying different experiences of loss of self-control of movement. Suggestions of external personal control and internal personal control over involuntary movements modelled delusions of control and spirit possession respectively. A suggestion of impersonal control by a malfunctioning machine modelled technical delusions of control, where involuntary movements are attributed to the influence of machines. We found that (i) brain activity and/or connectivity significantly varied with different experiences and attributions of loss of agency; (ii) compared to the impersonal control condition, both external and internal personal alien control were associated with increased connectivity between primary motor cortex (M1) and brain regions involved in attribution of mental states and representing the self in relation to others; (iii) compared to both personal alien control conditions, impersonal control of movement was associated with increased activity in brain regions involved in error detection and object imagery; (iv) there were no significant differences in brain activity, and minor differences in M1 connectivity, between the external and internal personal alien control conditions. Brain networks supporting error detection and object imagery, together with representation of self and others, are differentially recruited to support experiences of impersonal and personal control of involuntary movements. However, similar brain systems underpin attributions and experiences of external and internal alien control of movement. Loss of self-agency for movement can therefore accompany different kinds of experience of alien control supported by distinct brain mechanisms. These findings caution against generalization about single cognitive processes or brain systems underpinning different experiences of loss of self-control of movement.

Cortex. 2014 Apr;53:107-19. doi: 10.1016/j.cortex.2014.01.004. Deeley Q(1), Oakley DA(2), Walsh E(3), Bell V(4), Mehta MA(4), Halligan PW(5). Author information: (1)Cultural and Social Neuroscience Research Group, Forensic and Neurodevelopmental Sciences, Kings College London, Institute of Psychiatry, London, UK; South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, Bethlem Royal Hospital, Beckenham, Kent, UK. Electronic address: q.deeley@iop.kcl.ac.uk. (2)Division of Psychology and Language Sciences, University College London, UK. (3)Cultural and Social Neuroscience Research Group, Forensic and Neurodevelopmental Sciences, Kings College London, Institute of Psychiatry, London, UK. (4)Cultural and Social Neuroscience Research Group, Centre for Neuroimaging Sciences, Kings College London, Institute of Psychiatry, London, UK. (5)School of Psychology, Cardiff University, UK.

Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

The Hypnotic Hero

by Ted Benton M.Ed., CI

The use of the hypnotic hero is a very creative and successful hypnotic technique. Approximately one third of my therapy practice involves children from four until the late teen years. The majority of children have heroes; these heroic people can be real or imagined. I began using this new technique after a weekend of training with the American Psychological Association ( Hypnotherapy and Personality Disorders ). I strongly recommend HYPNOSIS AND HYPNOTHERAPY WITH CHILDREN by Karen Olness, MD and G. Gail Gardner, PHD for any hypnotherapist who is interested in working with children. Request the third edition from 1996.

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Solomon M. Fulero, PhD, JD

Dr. Fulero was Professor and former Chair of the Psychology Department at Sinclair College in Dayton, Ohio. He received his PhD in social psychology in August 1979, and his JD (law) in December 1979, both from the University of Oregon. He received a respecialization certificate in clinical psychology, with an APA-approved internship, from Wright State University, in 1988. Dr. Fulero was both a licensed psychologist and a practicing attorney. He was a frequent consultant to attorneys on a wide variety of psychology and law issues, including eyewitness reliability, false confessions, and a variety of other matters.

Professor Fulero died April 29, 2011, at the age of 60.

Posthypnotic use of olfactory stimulus for pain management.

Chronic pain due to disease or injury persists even after interventions to alleviate these conditions. Opiates are not always effective for the patient and have undesirable side effects. Hypnosis has been shown to be an effective treatment and may be enhanced by the use of olfactory stimulation as a posthypnotic cue. The article details 2 case reports that demonstrate the possible benefits of olfactory stimulus as an adjunct to hypnosis for pain relief.

Int J Clin Exp Hypn. 2014;62(2):188-94. doi: 10.1080/00207144.2014.869132. Bubenzer T(1), Huang H. Author information: (1)a Private Practice , Indianapolis , Indiana , USA.

Treatment of functional motor disorders.

OPINION STATEMENT: For the treatment of functional motor disorder, we recommend a three-stage approach. Firstly, patients must be assessed and given an unambiguous diagnosis, with an explanation that helps them understand that they have a genuine disorder, with the potential for reversibility. A key ingredient is allowing the patients to describe all of their symptoms as well as their ideas about what may be wrong. The patient should clearly understand that the positive diagnosis is based on the presence of typical signs (e.g., Hoover's sign for paralysis, entrainment test for tremor) that, in and of themselves, indicate the potential for reversibility. We suggest an approach that avoids the assumption that psychological stressors in the patient's life are causing the symptoms. The symptoms themselves are often the main stressor. Insisting that there must be others often leads to a frustrated doctor and an angry patient. Rather, at this initial stage, we encourage exploration of mechanisms - e.g., triggering of symptoms by pain, injury, or dissociation - and a discussion of how symptoms manifest as "abnormal motor programs" in the nervous system.Secondly, further time spent exploring the diagnosis, treating comorbidity, and, in the context of a multidisciplinary team, experimenting with altered movements and behaviors may benefit some patients, without the need for more complex intervention.Thirdly, some patients do require more complex treatment, often with a combination of physical rehabilitation and psychological treatments. Hypnosis, sedation, and transcranial magnetic stimulation may have a role in select patients.Finally, although they have confidence in the diagnosis, many patients do not respond to treatment. Ultimately, however, patients with functional motor disorder may have much greater potential for recovery than health professionals often consider.

Curr Treat Options Neurol. 2014 Apr;16(4):286. doi: 10.1007/s11940-014-0286-5. Gelauff JM(1), Dreissen YE, Tijssen MA, Stone J. Author information: (1)Department of Neurology, University Medical Centre Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands.

Allergies, Autoimmune Disorders and Hypnosis

by Tim Brunson PhD

Integrative medical interventions intended to address allergies and other autoimmune disorders usually fail to adequately address the nature of the human immune system. The body's homeostatic balance should assume that our immune system can properly identify times when a foreign body is a threat and when it is not. However, to fully understand its true nature and how integrative interventions may apply, the clinician must realize its duality.

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Dr. Sharon Forrest

Dr. Forrest has been successfully using one form or another of light interactive hypnosis for over 40 years and has served on the Boards of many associations in the fields of mental and physical health. For the last 30+ years, she has been teaching and lecturing world-wide as well as overseeing her many programs for the "Children of the Street" in Peru. Her workshops and seminars on alternative, complimentary and holistic health, clinical hypnotherapy, personal and spiritual growth are geared to both health care professionals and lay persons.

Sharon Forrest is the founder and director of The Forrest Foundation for Effective Living, Path of the Heart, Sanctuary of Universal Love and Sacred Journeys, plus Co-Founder of Healthways International and the Center of Integrated Medicine.

Another area that Sharon Forrest is a forerunner is in the field of Psychoneuroimmunology, the correlation between the mind, the immune and other systems of the body. An intriguing topic made more popular recently. This science has been around for some time. As far back as 5000 years ago Kalawaya doctors believed that to heal the body one must heal the soul first. Forrest's continuing successes in reversing disease proves that this is still true. PNI is now of prime interest. People are finally taking an interest in their own health issues.

Hypnotherapy for Sports Performance - Champion 24 Hour Runner

The effect of hypnosis on dysmenorrhea.

This randomized control trial studied the effect of hypnosis on dysmenorrhea. Fifty eligible nursing students were randomly divided into 2 groups according to baseline pain scores. One group was given hypnosis and the other given medications for pain relief for 3 menstrual cycles, followed by 3 cycles without any treatment. They were evaluated for functional restriction of activity on a 3-point scale. There was significant improvement in quality of life after the third cycle in both groups compared to baseline. The effect of hypnosis and medications on quality of life was similar in both groups at the third and sixth cycles.

Int J Clin Exp Hypn. 2014;62(2):164-78. doi: 10.1080/00207144.2014.869128. Shah M(1), Monga A, Patel S, Shah M, Bakshi H. Author information: (1)a Medical College, Baroda, Sir Sayaji General Hospital , Gujarat , India.

An hypnotic suggestion: review of hypnosis for clinical emergency care.

BACKGROUND: Hypnosis has been used in medicine for nearly 250 years. Yet, emergency clinicians rarely use it in emergency departments or prehospital settings. OBJECTIVE: This review describes hypnosis, its historical use in medicine, several neurophysiologic studies of the procedure, its uses and potential uses in emergency care, and a simple technique for inducing hypnosis. It also discusses reasons why the technique has not been widely adopted, and suggests methods of increasing its use in emergency care, including some potential research areas. DISCUSSION: A limited number of clinical studies and case reports suggest that hypnosis may be effective in a wide variety of conditions applicable to emergency medical care. These include providing analgesia for existing pain (e.g., fractures, burns, and lacerations), providing analgesia and sedation for painful procedures (e.g., needle sticks, laceration repair, and fracture and joint reductions), reducing acute anxiety, increasing children's cooperation for procedures, facilitating the diagnosis and treatment of acute psychiatric conditions, and providing analgesia and anxiolysis for obstetric/gynecologic problems. CONCLUSIONS: Although it is safe, fast, and cost-effective, emergency clinicians rarely use hypnosis. This is due, in part, to the myths surrounding hypnosis and its association with alternative-complementary medicine. Genuine barriers to its increased clinical use include a lack of assured effectiveness and a lack of training and training requirements. Based on the results of further research, hypnosis could become a powerful and safe nonpharmacologic addition to the emergency clinician's armamentarium, with the potential to enhance patient care in emergency medicine, prehospital care, and remote medical settings.

J Emerg Med. 2014 Apr;46(4):588-96. doi: 10.1016/j.jemermed.2013.09.024. Iserson KV. Author information: Department of Emergency Medicine, The University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona.

Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Dynamic hypnosis, IBS, and the value of individualizing treatment: a clinical perspective.

Hypnosis has already been proven efficient in treatment of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). The author was responsible for the hypnotherapy in a Swedish study and adds her clinical experience with IBS patients within and beyond that study. The hypnosis was labeled dynamic, and the treatment utilized the therapists' clinical competence and individually tailored techniques, including gut-oriented symptom relief and hypnoanalysis, separately or in combination. The author presents 2 cases, 1 with a focus on symptom relief and 1 on exploring traumatic causes. She illustrates her clinical rationale for technical flexibility from trauma resolving hypnoanalysis to symptom-alleviating suggestive hypnosis, including dynamics beyond the symptom when such are part of the case history.

Int J Clin Exp Hypn. 2014;62(2):145-63. doi: 10.1080/00207144.2014.869127. Carolusson S. Author information: a Carolusson & Carolusson AB , Göteborg , Sweden.

Postoperative pain management in children and infants: an update.

Many factors contribute to suboptimal pain management in children. Current evidence suggests that severe pain in children has significant long-lasting effects, even more so than in adults. In particular, recent evidence suggests a lack of optimal postoperative pain management in children, especially following ambulatory surgery. This review provides simple guidelines for the management of postoperative pain in children. It discusses the long-term effects of severe pain and how to evaluate pain in both healthy and neurologically impaired children, including neonates. Currently available treatment options are discussed with reference to the efficacy and side effects of opioid and non-opioid and regional analgesic techniques. The impact of preoperative anxiety on postoperative pain, and the efficacy of some nonpharmacological techniques such as hypnosis or distraction, are also discussed. Finally, basic organizational strategies are described, aiming to promote safer and more efficient postoperative pain management in children.

Paediatr Drugs. 2014 Apr;16(2):129-40. doi: 10.1007/s40272-013-0062-0. Brasher C(1), Gafsous B, Dugue S, Thiollier A, Kinderf J, Nivoche Y, Grace R, Dahmani S. Author information: (1)Department of Anesthesiology, Intensive Care, Robert Debré Hospital, 48 Bd Sérurier, 75019, Paris, France.

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